Substance P and IL-33 administered together stimulate a marked secretion of IL-1β from human mast cells, inhibited by methoxyluteolin

Alexandra Taracanova 1 2, Irene Tsilioni 1, Pio Conti 3, Errol R Norwitz 4, Susan E Leeman 5, Theoharis C Theoharides 6 2 7

Abstract: Mast cells are critical for allergic and inflammatory responses in which the peptide substance P (SP) and the cytokine IL-33 are involved. SP (0.01-1 μM) administered together with IL-33 (30 ng/mL) to human cultured LAD2 mast cells stimulates a marked increase (P < 0.0001) in secretion of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β. Preincubation of LAD2 (30 min) with the SP receptor (NK-1) antagonists L-733,060 (10 μM) or CP-96345 (10 µM) inhibits (P < 0.001) secretion of IL-1β stimulated by either SP (1 μM) or SP together with IL-33 (30 ng/mL). Surprisingly, secretion of IL-1β stimulated by IL-33 is inhibited (P < 0.001) by each NK-1 antagonist. Preincubation with an antibody against the IL-33 receptor ST2 inhibits (P < 0.0001) secretion of IL-1β stimulated either by IL-33 or together with SP. The combination of SP (1 μM) with IL-33 (30 ng/mL) increases IL-1β gene expression by 90-fold in LAD2 cells and by 200-fold in primary cultured mast cells from human umbilical cord blood. The combination of SP and IL-33 increases intracellular levels of IL-1β in LAD2 by 100-fold and gene expression of IL-1β and procaspase-1 by fivefold and pro-IL-1β by twofold. Active caspase-1 is present even in unstimulated cells and is detected extracellularly. Preincubation of LAD2 cells with the natural flavonoid methoxyluteolin (1-100 mM) inhibits (P < 0.0001) secretion and gene expression of IL-1β, procaspase-1, and pro-IL-1β. Mast cell secretion of IL-1β in response to SP and IL-33 reveals targets for the development of antiinflammatory therapies.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
2018 Oct 2;115(40):E9381-E9390.
doi: 10.1073/pnas.1810133115. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
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